Fred Wilson: Mind Forged Manacles/Manacle Forged Minds

Fred Wilson, Mind Forged Manacles/Manacle Forged Minds, 2022. Installation at Columbus Park, Downtown Brooklyn. Images by Kris Graves.

about the project.

On View: June 28, 2022 – June 27, 2023*

*Please note: Mind Forged Manacles/Manacle Forged Minds is currently in hibernation and the sculptures inside have been removed for the winter. Join us in Spring 2023 for more programs and performances surrounding this work!

Columbus Park, Brooklyn, 11201 Google maps link

upcoming events.

Of Manacles and Monuments: A conversation series inspired by Fred Wilson’s Mind Forged Manacles/Manacle Forged Minds

Of Manacles and Monuments is an event series co-presented by More Art and the Brooklyn Public Library’s Center for Brooklyn History this spring. This interdisciplinary discussion and performance series organized by Center for Brooklyn History and More Art will bring together a diverse group of artists, writers, performers, and thinkers to explore the rich poetic background and themes of Wilson’s work, in three acts:

May 9th – Act 1: History, Monuments, and Reframing the Narrative | Click here to register!

May 15th – Act 2: Gates, Barriers, and Confinement | Click here to register!

May 22nd – Act 3: Our National Healing and the Role of Art | Click here to register!

Gates, Borders, Barriers: 2022 Engaging Artists Fellows

May 19th – Join us on May 19th as 2022 Fellows Yeseul Song and Maya Simone Z. with collaborator Cinthia Chen kickstart the Spring 2023 season of our Gates, Borders, Barriers public program series! Developed in response to Fred Wilson’s sculpture, these programs will activate different elements of the work, including breaking down community barriers through interactive technology and illustrating the disproportionate effect of climate change and disaster on BIPOC communities. Click here to learn more and RSVP for this free event!

Sign up for our newsletter and follow us on social media for regular updates. 


More Art is pleased to present Mind Forged Manacles/Manacle Forged Minds, Fred Wilson’s first ever large-scale public sculpture, opening at the plaza in Columbus Park, Brooklyn on Tuesday June 28, 2022 and closing a year later, in June 2023. The installation features a 10-foot-tall sculpture, composed of layers of decorative ironwork, fencing and statues of African figures. This project is funded in part through the Downtown Brooklyn + Dumbo Art Fund, under New York State’s Downtown Revitalization Initiative (DRI), and is exhibited through NYC Parks’ Art in the Parks program.

The use of ornamental gates and fences serves as a metaphor for security and gated communities, insecurity, the incarceration of Black men, the detainment of immigrants, policing, and William Blake’s concept of “Mind Forg’d Manacles” — self-created barriers to personal and societal growth and freedom, built by fear, division and perceptions of difference. These gates, whether they are to keep others out or keep someone in, act as reflections on the separation of people, both physically and psychologically. 

Mind Forged Manacles/Manacle Forged Minds,while not strictly site-specific, creates, connects and amplifies a conversation about the sculpture and the monuments and buildings around it that currently reside in Columbus Park. The viewer is encouraged to be “site conscious” when looking at the work and its location, as it is positioned between a sculpture of Henry Ward Beecher — a 19th-century Congregationalist clergyman known for his support of the abolition of slavery — and the statue of Columbus, as well as the Kings County Supreme Court building — exploring issues of justice, freedom, slavery and mass incarceration. 

Viewers passing through Columbus Park while encountering the elaborate structure, will perhaps consider questions of perspective: Who is looking in? Who is looking out? Who is free? Who is trapped? Who has the power to decide who has the freedom to be inside and outside? The sculpture will be activated through public programs and is intended to ignite productive dialogue about each individual’s experiences and feelings evoked by the piece. 

Wilson has a longstanding interest in metalworks, blacksmithing and ironworks, particularly in relation to the time he spent in the Caribbean and Africa observing the use of gates as protection. The decorative elements in the different types of gates act in dissonance with the function of gates—creating barriers between people. Wilson is known for his politically charged work of reframing objects and cultural symbols, encouraging viewers to reconsider social and historical narratives and raising critical questions about the politics of erasure and exclusion.

More Art has worked with Wilson over the course of several years to develop this project, involving the community and choosing an intentional location for the work. More Art partnered with the Center for Court Innovation, a non-profit working to create a humane justice system, to involve youth (ages 18-24) in creative writing workshops where they were encouraged to think about the issues raised by Wilson’s project. These individuals will be invited to the physical sculpture for additional workshops and programming that will activate the work. Additional public programs will be scheduled throughout the year at the sculpture site and will include, performance, dance, music and spoken word poetry. 

related programs. 

Click here to watch a live recording of the opening celebration, featuring a live performance by Ayumi Ishito and Daniel Carter with remarks from Fred Wilson; Micaela Martegani, Founder & Director of More Art; and our partners. 

Gates, Borders, Barriers is a series of public programs in connection with Mind Forged Manacles/Manacle Forged Minds. Find recordings of our 2022 season below:  

Check back here and follow us on social media for more public programming announcements in 2023. 

This series is presented in partnership with Downtown Brooklyn Partnership, the Dumbo Business Improvement District, DTBK + Dumbo Art Fund, the New York State Council on the Arts with the support of the Office of the Governor and the New York State Legislature, VIA Art Fund, and Pace Gallery. 

about the artist.

Fred Wilson is a conceptual artist whose work investigates museological, cultural and historical issues, which are largely overlooked or neglected by museums and cultural institutions. Since his groundbreaking exhibition Mining the Museum (1992) at the Maryland Historical Society, Wilson has been the subject of more than 40 solo exhibitions around the globe. His work has been exhibited extensively in museums including the Museum of Modern Art, NY; the Museum of Contemporary Art,  Chicago; the Allen Memorial Museum at Oberlin College, Ohio; the Cleveland Museum of Art, the Institute of  Jamaica, W.I.; the Museum of World Cultures, Sweden; the Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College; the British Museum, and the Ian Potter Museum of Art at the University of Melbourne, Australia. His work can be found in several public collections, including the Museum of Modern Art, NY, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, the Long Museum, Shanghai, the Tate Modern in London and National Gallery of Victoria in Melbourne, Australia. Wilson presented his exhibition Afro Kismet at the 2017 Istanbul Biennial, Turkey, which traveled to London, New York and Los Angeles. Since 2008 Wilson has been a  member of the Board of Trustees at the Whitney Museum of American Art. He represented the U.S. at the Cairo Biennale (1992) and Venice Biennale (2003). His many accolades include the prestigious MacArthur  Foundation’s “Genius” Grant (1999); the Skowhegan Medal for Sculpture (2006) the Ford Foundation’s Art of  Change fellowship (2018) and Brandeis University’s Creative Arts Award (2019). Most recently, Wilson was commissioned, among five other artists, to create two large-scale sculptures for the Delta wing of New York’s LaGuardia airport. Port Authority partnered with Governor Kathy Hochul, Delta Air Lines, and the Queens Museum to commission the six artworks, which will be revealed this spring.


Mind Forged Manacles/Manacle Forged Minds is made possible by a grant from the Downtown Brooklyn + Dumbo Art Fund, a partnership with Downtown Brooklyn Partnership and Dumbo Improvement District as part of New York State’s Downtown Revitalization Initiative, and by the New York State Council on the Arts with the support of the Office of the Governor and the New York State Legislature. This project is supported in part by the Lambent Foundation, the Joseph Robert Foundation, the Abakanowicz Arts and Culture Charitable Foundation, Pace, The David Rockefeller Fund, the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs in partnership with the City Council, and commissioning sponsor VIA Art Fund. Additional support for educational programming has been provided by the Pierre and Tana Matisse Foundation. Thank you to our partners, NYC Parks and the Center for Court Innovation.

A special thank you to AJ Iron Work Innovations Corp for their ironwork craftsmanship.